First National Communication
In 1988, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), established the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), whose mandate was to assess the available scientific information and the environmental and socio-economic impacts of climate change, and to formulate response strategies to the same. The IPCC was adopted by the United Nations Organization (UNO) on the 27th January 1989 through Resolution A/RES/43/53 of its General Assembly. It submitted its “First Assessment Report” to the Second World Climate Conference in August 1990, and this Report served as the basis for negotiating the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Lesotho, along with over 150 other countries, signed the Convention at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in June 1992. It subsequently ratified the same in February, 1995.
As the IPCC reports indicate, climate change is not any more a myth, or a subject of controversy. It is a reality which has to be combatted to ensure sustainability of life, not only for the present but for the future generations. Lesotho, like the rest of the international community, is conscious of the serious consequences of climate change, and fully identifies with the ultimate objective of the UNFCCC, “to achieve stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system”.