Greenhouse Gas Inventory
According to Article 4, paragraph 1 (a), and Article 12, paragraph 1(a) of the Convention, developing countries are to communicate to the Conference of the Parties (COP), a national inventory of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of all greenhouse gases (GHGs) not controlled by the Montreal Protocol, to the extent its capacities permit, following the provisions in these guidelines.
Although Lesotho is not a major contributor of greenhouse gases(GHGs) globally, it is a net emitter, hence its small contribution still add up to the total GHGs in the world. Compilation of greenhouse gas inventory in Lesotho is done through two main projects, namely; National Communications and Biennial Update Reports.
The latest report of Lesotho’s GHG Inventory for the years 2005 and 2010 was estimated using the 2006 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Guidelines.The results show that Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU) and Energy sectors are the main sources of GHGs in the country with the Energy sector increasing its dominancy of primary sources.